Android Share Intent for URL, Text or Image

Photo of Mike Dalisay
Modified Saturday, February 9, 2013
by - @ninjazhai
In today's tutorial, we are going to do a code that will enable your app to share content like URL or text and Image to other apps installed in your Android device like Facebook, Twitter, Messaging, Instagram, Evernote, etc.. Example uses of this code include: 
  • You are building an app that browses a certain website or URL.
  • Your app generates an image that a user can share.
Android Share Intent
Android Share Intent code

package com.example.androidshareurlintent;


import android.os.Bundle;
import android.os.Environment;
import android.view.View;
import android.content.Intent;

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {

        // listeners of our two buttons
        View.OnClickListener handler = new View.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(View v) {
                switch (v.getId()) {



        // our buttons


     * Method to share either text or URL.
    private void shareTextUrl() {
        Intent share = new Intent(android.content.Intent.ACTION_SEND);

        // Add data to the intent, the receiving app will decide
        // what to do with it.
        share.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "Title Of The Post");
        share.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "");

        startActivity(Intent.createChooser(share, "Share link!"));

     * Method to share any image.
    private void shareImage() {
        Intent share = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);

        // If you want to share a png image only, you can do:
        // setType("image/png"); OR for jpeg: setType("image/jpeg");

        // Make sure you put example png image named myImage.png in your
        // directory
        String imagePath = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory()
                + "/myImage.png";

        File imageFileToShare = new File(imagePath);

        Uri uri = Uri.fromFile(imageFileToShare);
        share.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);

        startActivity(Intent.createChooser(share, "Share Image!"));


Please note that when you use the setType() method, you are enabling Android to filter what apps can share your content. For example, you are sharing a text or URL, the appropriate apps to be shown can be Facebook, Messaging or Email. If you are sharing an image, proper apps can be Instagram, Snapseed or Picasa.

Output screenshots:

Android Share Intent - main screen
Main screen.
Android Share Intent - share text or url
Share Text or URL button was touched. Take note of the apps on the list.

Android Share Intent - user chose to share to facebook
User chose to share to Facebook

Android Share Intent - share image button was touched
"Share Image" button was touched. Apps was different on the list.

Android Share Intent - user chose to share with gmail
User chose to share with Gmail. Our image was attached.

Android Share Intent - user chose to share with snapseed
User chose to share to Snapseed.
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